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8 Causes of Tennis Elbow Pain and How to Avoid Them

Tennis elbow, sometimes called lateral epicondylitis, is a disorder that can be brought on by overusing the tendons and muscles in the elbow. Repetitive wrist and arm movements are frequently associated with tennis elbow. Tennis elbow can occur in certain workers whose occupations require repetitive motions. They consist of butchers, carpenters, painters, and plumbers. Tennis elbow, however, frequently has no known cause. To relieve symptoms and encourage healing, Tennis elbow treatment UK usually entails a variety of therapies, such as physiotherapy, and pain management, including occasionally, minimally invasive surgical procedures.

The main location where the thick, cord-like forearm muscle tissues join to an outside elbow bony protrusion is where tennis elbow pain is felt. Tendons refer to the tissues. The wrist and forearm may also become inflamed. Tennis elbow can generally be relieved with rest, medication, and physical therapy. An injection or surgery may be necessary for those for whom these therapies are ineffective or whose symptoms interfere with day-to-day functioning.

How Is Tennis Elbow Diagnosed?

The diagnosis of tennis elbow is often made through physical examination. Your doctor will inquire about your employment, athletic participation, and the onset of your problems. To aid in the diagnosing process, they will next do a few quick tests. To feel pain, your doctor might press on the area where the tendon joins the bone. As you extend (straighten) your wrist when your elbow is straight and your wrist is flexed—bent towards the palm side—you will experience pain along the outer side of your elbow. For you to check out other conditions that could be the source of your arm pain, your doctor might also prescribe imaging tests like an MRI or X-ray. Among them is elbow arthritis.

Activities that may Result in Tennis Elbow

Any action that requires you to repeatedly straighten your index finger, bend the tip of your elbow, or use the muscles in your forearm can cause you to develop a tennis elbow. For examples, consider:

  • Engaging in tennis a (tennis, badminton, or squash) or throwing sports (discus or javelin) or frequently utilising hand tools (scissors, screwdrivers, or gardening shears)
  • Using instruments for tasks involving repeated, fine hand as well as wrist campaigns, such as sewing or pressing keys, plumbing systems, or bricklaying
  • Activities which require the elbow to be bent repeatedly, like playing the violin

What Is The Course Of Treatment For Tennis Elbow?

Surgery is not necessary for the successful treatment of 80–95 per cent of patients with tennis elbow. Initially, your physician may recommend one or more of the subsequent therapies:


Give your arm a few weeks of rest as the initial step in your recuperation. You can receive a brace from your doctor to assist in immobilizing the injured muscles.


Applying ice packs to the elbow might help ease pain and reduce inflammation.

Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs: 

Over-the-counter drugs that target inflammation and pain, such as ibuprofen and aspirin, can assist.

Physical Therapy 

To build up your forearm muscles and encourage recovery, a physical therapist will employ a variety of exercises. Ice massages, muscle-stimulating treatments, and arm workouts are a few examples.

Ultrasound Therapy 

In this procedure, the most sore spot on your arm is covered with an ultrasound probe. This kind of care can hasten healing and lessen inflammation.

Injections of Steroids

 Your physician may opt to inject a corticosteroid drug straight into the injured muscle or at the elbow’s tendon’s point of attachment to the bone. This may lessen inflammation.


It has been demonstrated that physiotherapy is effective in treating tennis elbow. To cure tennis elbow, a professional in physiotherapy might be capable of employing methods like massage, laser therapy, ultrasound treatments, and movements. It’s unclear which of these treatments for physiotherapy is superior to the others. Research indicates that for short-term pain relief (during the first six weeks), steroid injections may be a more effective treatment than physiotherapy. However, over time, it might be better than steroid treatments. A wait for a physiotherapy consultation can exist, though.

Overuse and Repetitive Motions

How to Prevent: When engaging in repetitive arm movement exercises, be sure you are using the correct form as well as techniques. Take pauses, wear the appropriate gear, and engage in forearm strengthening as well as stretching activities.

Final Words

Tennis elbow can be healed; however, most cases are only temporary. If left untreated, it may take a long time for the injury to entirely heal and might even become chronic. Recovering from an injury requires avoiding aggravating influences, which can include things like a job, exercise, or sport. To keep it from returning after you’ve healed, you must work on prevention. If treatment is delayed, persistent effects on grip strength, elbow muscle atrophy, tendon weakness, and persistent pain may result.

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